Friday, February 14, 2020

To Assess or Not to Assess, That is the Question Essay

To Assess or Not to Assess, That is the Question - Essay Example I am horrified by science fiction futuristic movies with a plot of enforced conformity and predictability. So when I researched the controversy about the use of personality tests to predict who should or should not be hired, who will or will not behave appropriately on the job, I found myself having some strong feelings. A careful reading of quite a few articles eventually helped me to sort out my particular stance on this matter, however. The controversy itself rests on the foundation argument as to whether human behavior can, or cannot, be predicted through personality tests. Psychologists, especially those in organizational behavior and human resources, want an easy way to predict who will or will not be likely to be successfully integrated into a company, be easily supervised, and perform their duties in a non-violent manner (Baglione, Arnold, & Zimmerer, 2009). It costs a lot of money to recruit, train and build skills in an employee, and mistakes are costly for the company. Com panies naturally want to avoid preventable waste of resources (Baglione, Arnold, & Zimmerer, 2009). On one side of this argument are those who vigorously argue that personality tests can indeed predict this with reasonable accuracy (Boutelle, 2011), especially when focused on Big-Five Model factors and understood clearly, and therefore they should definitely be used (Hogan, Hogan, & Roberts, 1996). They are ethical and legal, if specifically job-related (Griggs v. Duke Power Co., 1971), and they are thought to increase productivity. Within that side of the argument are those who favor normative tests and those who favor ipsative tests (Bartram, 1996). Among the 22% of companies using personality testing for personnel selction, there is also a faction (9.3%) which favor online tests, either normative or ipsative (Piotrowski & Terry Ar, 2006). On the other side are those who say that personality tests are not good indicators. The reasons given include the tendency of people to fake th eir answers or cheat by obtaining the answers from a central source; the fuzzy legality and ethics of sorting out people in ways that might reflect mental disorder or other impairment, ethnicity, sexual preference, and other discrimination-protected characteristics forbidden to be used in hiring choices (Morgeson, M.A, Dipboye, J.R, Murphey, & Schmitt, 2007); and various arguments about whether to use normative or ipsative tests. Ipsative tests are considered to be less reliable because you cannot reasonably use factor analysis on them without having artificial results, and the results apply only within a single person and not across a range of people, therefore invalidating them as being useful for determining whether they are a better or worse choice than another employment candidate (Paul, 2010). Furthermore, apparently up until 2010, the only real defense of ipsative testing came from a company with vested interest in selling ipsative tests for personnel selection, or came from people using that company’s data (Paul, 2010). However, this year a doctoral candidate in Spain, Dr. Anna Brown, won a â€Å"Best Doctoral Dissertation Prize† from the Psychometric Society for her breakthrough methodology that applies Item Response Theory Modeling to Ipsative test data, and thereby overcomes the psychometric limitations of this type of personality testing (The Psychometrics Society, 2011). Brown concludes that the limitations of ipsative data are overcome in that the

Saturday, February 1, 2020

Individual Analysis Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Individual Analysis - Assignment Example The professional standards in nursing practice are highly regulated and supervised. In my state, it is mandatory that each institution should have an internal audit program to ensure individual practitioners are up to standard. The professional nurse is expected to have appealing social and moral disposition to their patients. The promotion and the protection of the health of the patients is the key obligation of the nurse. Whereas there are a lot of legal regulations and rules that relate directly to medical practice, the greatest emphasis touch on nursing practices because that is the hallmark of medical practice. Each individual nurse therefore follows the law to the letter and consults widely with doctors and specialists in every activity. The code of ethics of nurses is the epitome of standards on which every nurse must perfectly adhere. In the event that such a code is broken or sabotaged, the individual patients’ lives may be in critical jeopardy. Moreover nursing scholarship is advancing and research that is ongoing about the best practices should be the nurse’s responsibility to gradually assimilate. Without the disposition to know the new standards, one could be on the wrong side of the law and that would bring down the institution of nursing. The Hippocratic Oath which is primarily a doctor’s area is always applicable to nursing. In this regard, nurses are prohibited from sharing particulars of the conditions of a patient with any other external parties. The nursing practice also strives to render services on the basis of saving lives to extent possible within the facility. Any actions that are deemed undertaken on mistake are gravely prohibited. Since nursing is a scientific endeavor in many respects, the philosophy of evidence and materiality of facts is crucial to the medical and nursing fraternity in particular. In addition, the philosophy of utilitarianism

Friday, January 24, 2020

Americas New War Essay -- Middle East September 11 Terrorism Essays

America's New War The events of September 11th, 2001 will influence the lives of American's for years to come. Some American's will never fly on a commercial airliner again while others feel unsafe in their usual daily routine. Our country has felt a mix of emotions as the war on terrorism begins to unfold across the globe in Afghanistan. Yet I believe that a war on ignorance is about to unfold on our own soil. After the attacks the national news reports were filled with stories about Americans of Middle Eastern decent being targets for hat crimes and unnecessary violence. At this point in time, Americans of every gender, race and religion need to focus on who are nations true enemies are. The attacks on America left me with a mix of emotions and unanswerable questions. I went to sleep on September 11th feeling unsettled. However in the days to follow I felt angered watching the news reports about how ignorant American's had been acting towards citizens of Middle Eastern descent. One news report that I recall vividly was about a West Bloomfield restaurant. Someone had claimed that when the news began to show actual pictures of the attacks on the World Trade Center customers and staff began to cheer. The story escalated and numerous rumors circulated the community and within a few days the Middle Eastern restaurant had little to no business. The owner was on the news stating that there were no celebrations within his restaurant and he wanted to show the surveillance videos from that day to show the city that this was all a lie. What I find even more frustrating is the ignorance that U.S. Representative John Cooksey displayed by his comments about Muslims and Arab Ameri cans after the terrioist attacks. Cooksey stated to a ... ...rty I had been to. I even learned to do a few traditional Arabic dances and tried some new Arabic food. I am fortunate to have experienced different aspects of a few Middle Eastern cultures. Over the last few years I have learned about so many different aspects of Middle Eastern culture so now uninformed American's ideas about Arab's and Muslim's frustrate me. After such a tragedy as the recent terrorist attacks I hope that fellows American's will take it upon themselves to end this hatred that has surfaced. It's shallow to treat someone differently because they wear a turban or own a party store. American's should spend less time worrying about who's Arabic and focusing on what makes someone Arabic and accepting that. At this time American's of all cultural backgrounds should unite together and stop the ignorance that is present in our American culture today.

Thursday, January 16, 2020

Food Security Bill

Food Security Bill: Good politics to deliver bad economics A bill duly tabled in Parliament promises to give legal right to subsided food to two- thirds of the country 1. 2 billion population. The ambitious proposal should be seen in the context of India being home to roughly one third of the world's poor; where over 70 per cent of children are malnourished and about 10 million or more people die of chronic hunger or hunger-related diseases every year.The Food Security Bill, the PUPA-l's flagship scheme, envisages the distribution of heat, rice and coarse grains at Just RSI 2, RSI 3 and Reel a kilo each to about 65 per cent of the population ? 75 per cent of them in rural areas and the rest in cities and towns. Add to that, some entitlements to ‘special groups,' like destitute or homeless persons, who will be entitled to at least one meal a day. Through this world's largest experiment of providing food grain to poor, the government plans to double its food subsidies to 2 per ce nt of the GAP.If the government machinery is able to deliver on Congress chief Sonic Sandhog's pet project, it could mean the end to country widespread malnutrition and poverty elatedly soon! â€Å"It's a most thoughtful and timely action, in the light of coming UP elections and thereafter the 2014 general elections,† said Proof B B Apothecary, eminent economist and former vice-chancellor of Charlatan Nehru University. Then what is the glamour all about?Why are some people hell-bent on opposing it? The general view is that if the government can pull it off, it can be the biggest trump card for the PUPA government, at a time when nothing seems to be working in its favor at the moment ? neither politics nor economics. Bad economics But, one very important factor worth taking notice is: the scheme can severely impact on Indian's economic growth prospects, should the populist measure be brought into force.The proposed Food Security Bill came on a day (Thursday) when the Reserve B ank of India also came out with its Financial Stability Report, which categorically states that Indian's inflation risk remains high and a slowdown in revenue collections and higher spending on subsidies may make it challenging for the government to achieve the fiscal deficit target of 4. 6 per cent of the Gross Domestic Product (GAP) this financial year (2011-12).It also said that Indian's trade deficit for this fiscal is expected to widen sharply to between $1 55 billion and $160 billion from a little above $104 billion a year ago. Should the bill be passed and implemented. But, it is the trade deficit, which will soar manifold since the government will have to resort to large scale import of food grain as our own grain output is not adequate to handle such a voluminous expenditure programmer. It will worsen the fiscal deficit situation, but more than that it is Indian's trade deficit which will be hit hard as the programmer will require 70-80 million tones of more DOD grain every year. India obviously does not produce that much and the shortfall will have to be met from imports,† said Proof Apothecary. The country produces 225-230 million tones of food grain every year barring a bumper crop year when the output surges by a few million tones more. Where will the rest come from, if not from overseas market!Economists opine, it will increase food inflation. Analysts at Kodak Maidenhair Bank said that besides skewing the food inflation to a higher side, the move will also result in rise in prices of food grain for non- beneficiaries of the programmer. There will be pressure on prices of food for those outside this scheme,† an economist of Kodak said. Procurement problem As regards the increased requirement of food grain for distribution under the Act, Union food minister K V Thomas said only 15 per cent more supplies would be needed as the Centre is already distributing 526. Lack tones through public distribution system, while the estimated demand u nder the Act will be 607. 4 Lack tones. He said government can even procure more for the purpose. Currently, government procures only 30 per cent of the total production. But, what about government's delivery mechanism? â€Å"If the government goes in for enlarging the public distribution system without revamping it, where is the guarantee that the intended food grain will reach the poor? ,† Apothecary asked.Then there is problem of storage. Currently, the state-run Food Corporation of India and the Central Warehousing Corporation have the capacity to store 87 million tones of grain. The COW has 487 warehouses with a capacity of 10. 6 million, while the FCC, with 1,500 godsons, accounts for the rest. The new measure, according to experts, will cost an additional sum of RSI 27,000 core annually to the exchequer, while the government puts it at RSI 21 ,OHO core by way of subsidies.But, the question is: can a government, burdened with whopping food, fuel and fertilizer subsidies , afford such a large expenditure programmer, especially when the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme is already drilling a large whole in the nation's kitty? Policymakers say that the government can find resources provided it cuts down or Bill. But the government is unlikely to do that, as it will not go down well among the voters in an election year. Food Security Bill Food Security Bill: Good politics to deliver bad economics A bill duly tabled in Parliament promises to give legal right to subsided food to two- thirds of the country 1. 2 billion population. The ambitious proposal should be seen in the context of India being home to roughly one third of the world's poor; where over 70 per cent of children are malnourished and about 10 million or more people die of chronic hunger or hunger-related diseases every year.The Food Security Bill, the PUPA-l's flagship scheme, envisages the distribution of heat, rice and coarse grains at Just RSI 2, RSI 3 and Reel a kilo each to about 65 per cent of the population ? 75 per cent of them in rural areas and the rest in cities and towns. Add to that, some entitlements to ‘special groups,' like destitute or homeless persons, who will be entitled to at least one meal a day. Through this world's largest experiment of providing food grain to poor, the government plans to double its food subsidies to 2 per ce nt of the GAP.If the government machinery is able to deliver on Congress chief Sonic Sandhog's pet project, it could mean the end to country widespread malnutrition and poverty elatedly soon! â€Å"It's a most thoughtful and timely action, in the light of coming UP elections and thereafter the 2014 general elections,† said Proof B B Apothecary, eminent economist and former vice-chancellor of Charlatan Nehru University. Then what is the glamour all about?Why are some people hell-bent on opposing it? The general view is that if the government can pull it off, it can be the biggest trump card for the PUPA government, at a time when nothing seems to be working in its favor at the moment ? neither politics nor economics. Bad economics But, one very important factor worth taking notice is: the scheme can severely impact on Indian's economic growth prospects, should the populist measure be brought into force.The proposed Food Security Bill came on a day (Thursday) when the Reserve B ank of India also came out with its Financial Stability Report, which categorically states that Indian's inflation risk remains high and a slowdown in revenue collections and higher spending on subsidies may make it challenging for the government to achieve the fiscal deficit target of 4. 6 per cent of the Gross Domestic Product (GAP) this financial year (2011-12).It also said that Indian's trade deficit for this fiscal is expected to widen sharply to between $1 55 billion and $160 billion from a little above $104 billion a year ago. Should the bill be passed and implemented. But, it is the trade deficit, which will soar manifold since the government will have to resort to large scale import of food grain as our own grain output is not adequate to handle such a voluminous expenditure programmer. It will worsen the fiscal deficit situation, but more than that it is Indian's trade deficit which will be hit hard as the programmer will require 70-80 million tones of more DOD grain every year. India obviously does not produce that much and the shortfall will have to be met from imports,† said Proof Apothecary. The country produces 225-230 million tones of food grain every year barring a bumper crop year when the output surges by a few million tones more. Where will the rest come from, if not from overseas market!Economists opine, it will increase food inflation. Analysts at Kodak Maidenhair Bank said that besides skewing the food inflation to a higher side, the move will also result in rise in prices of food grain for non- beneficiaries of the programmer. There will be pressure on prices of food for those outside this scheme,† an economist of Kodak said. Procurement problem As regards the increased requirement of food grain for distribution under the Act, Union food minister K V Thomas said only 15 per cent more supplies would be needed as the Centre is already distributing 526. Lack tones through public distribution system, while the estimated demand u nder the Act will be 607. 4 Lack tones. He said government can even procure more for the purpose. Currently, government procures only 30 per cent of the total production. But, what about government's delivery mechanism? â€Å"If the government goes in for enlarging the public distribution system without revamping it, where is the guarantee that the intended food grain will reach the poor? ,† Apothecary asked.Then there is problem of storage. Currently, the state-run Food Corporation of India and the Central Warehousing Corporation have the capacity to store 87 million tones of grain. The COW has 487 warehouses with a capacity of 10. 6 million, while the FCC, with 1,500 godsons, accounts for the rest. The new measure, according to experts, will cost an additional sum of RSI 27,000 core annually to the exchequer, while the government puts it at RSI 21 ,OHO core by way of subsidies.But, the question is: can a government, burdened with whopping food, fuel and fertilizer subsidies , afford such a large expenditure programmer, especially when the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme is already drilling a large whole in the nation's kitty? Policymakers say that the government can find resources provided it cuts down or Bill. But the government is unlikely to do that, as it will not go down well among the voters in an election year.

Wednesday, January 8, 2020

Environmental Factors Affecting The Health Of Infants - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 917 Downloads: 9 Date added: 2018/12/26 Category Health Essay Type Research paper Level High school Tags: Children Essay Did you like this example? Infants are not able to adapt to the changes in the ecological conditions. The changes directly affect the health of the infants, whose parents and caregivers tend to ignore. The fact which the parents and caregivers need to understand is that their infants have a delicate body. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Environmental Factors Affecting The Health Of Infants" essay for you Create order For this reason, they are likely to face severe problems arising from changes in the environment in which they live. For instance, if the climate changes from a dry spell to a rainy season, then there would be occurrences of stagnating waters in the surrounding. In addition to that, the ground will produce more of the wild plants because of the favorable climatic conditions. Parents and caregivers need to be vigilant on these changes and be aware of the possible effects that they have on the health of the infant children. They need not underrate the effect of the stagnated water. It creates favorable conditions for the breeding and survival of mosquitoes. It means, therefore, that the infants are at increased risk of contracting illnesses such as malaria. The stagnant water may also provide a breeding ground for water snail, which causes dangerous illnesses such as bilharzia (In Edelman et al. 2014). It is necessary that the adults who take care of the children take steps to manage the environment, which will help in saving the infants from the possible health hazards. They should not wait until the kids develop signs of illnesses. They should take to account the fact that the kids are at a higher risk of falling sick, as opposed to the adults. It is their responsibility to ensure that they prevent them from any possible harm. Flooding, the environmental factor under analysis has more effects other than the breeding of mosquitoes. It is vital for the progenitors and caregivers to understand that flu viruses are contagious (In Edelman et al. 2014). As such, they spread with ease during the rainy season and at the time when floods occur. For this reason, floods are detrimental to the health of the infants; they ease the spread of flu viruses. The rate of transmission of the viruses from one person to the other is higher during the flood season. Due to the delicate state of the infants, their immune system gets weaker during the rainy season. They end up contracting the various types of flu at a faster rate as opposed to adults. The caregivers and parents need to take note of this point and keep in touch with the welfare of their kids. For instance, children are fond of playing with water. If in any case one of the kids comes to contact with the infection, he or she will infect the other comrades at a faster rate. Apart from that, it is worth noting that some of the pathogens that live in the soil and other habitations may find it nice to breed in the flooded areas. Some of them breed highly in the floods, thus increasing the chances of infecting as many kids as possible. For this reason, it is possible to have an outbreak of a certain illness. Caregivers, as well as parents, have to ensure that the kids do not go to play in stagnated and flooded areas. In so doing, the rate of infection will drop significantly. The infants may be dwelling in a habitat that has ditches that facilitate drainage. It happens that during the floods, the ditches are always overflowing. At the same time, streams and rivers swell, posing a possible risk of accidents to the infants. In an occurrence of an accident, possibilities are that the child may either die or develop health complications (Health people.gov, 2013). It is possible for the parents and caregivers to prevent the mishaps. Firstly, they need to ensure that the ditches and streams, as well as rivers, have strong bridges. These structures will facilitate the crossing of both the adults and the children. By using the facilities, it will be possible to prevent the kids from falling into the waterways. During the floods, some sections of the ground develop hollows. These empty places are risky to the wellbeing of the infants. It is advisable that the adults fill the hollow places with gravel and hardcore during the dry spell. Doing so will prevent acciden ts which may culminate in limbs breakages. The same thing should happen to the erosion control facilities that are privy to the homesteads. In addition to that, parents should check their lifestyle habits. Some of them engage in smoking, which threatens the health of the infants due to the contamination of the air by the smoke (Ackley Ludwig, 2010). The chances are that the infant whose parents smoke are at an increased risk of getting respiratory problems. There is the need for the adults to avoid causing health hazards to the babies from the things they use. The second smoke, for instance, is likely to cause a lot of damage to the child, especially to the breathing system. In conclusion, therefore, the caregivers and parents have a role to play in the healthy development of the infants. The information in this pamphlet will assist them to understand the effects of environmental factors on the infantshealth. References Ackley, B. J., Ludwig, G. B. (2010). Nursing Diagnosis Handbook: An Evidence-Based Guide to Planning Care. London: Elsevier Health Sciences. Health people.gov (2013) Environmental quality retrieved on 17/4/2013 from In Edelman, C., In Mandle, C. L., In Kudzma, E. C. (2014). Health promotion throughout the life span. St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier.

Tuesday, December 31, 2019

What Is the Queue Hairstyle in China

For several hundred years, between the 1600s and the early 20th century, men in China wore their hair in what is called a queue. In this hairstyle, the front and sides are shaved, and the rest of the hair is gathered up and plaited into a long braid that hangs down the back. In the western world, the image of men with queues is practically synonymous with the idea of imperial China - so it may surprise you to learn that this hairstyle did not actually originate in China. Where the Queue Come From The queue was originally a Jurchen or Manchu hairstyle, from what is now the northeastern section of China. In 1644, an ethnically-Manchu army defeated the Han Chinese  Ming and conquered China. This came after the Manchus were hired to fight for the Ming in widespread civil unrest during that period. The Manchus seized Beijing and established a new ruling family on the throne, calling themselves the  Qing Dynasty. This would turn out to be Chinas final imperial dynasty, lasting until 1911 or 1912.   The first Manchu emperor of China, whose original name was Fulin and whose throne name was Shunzi, ordered all Han Chinese men to adopt the queue as a sign of submission to the new regime. The only exceptions allowed to the Tonsure Order were for Buddhist monks, who shaved their entire heads, and Taoist priests, who did not have to shave. Chunzis queue order sparked wide-spread resistance across China. Han Chinese cited both the Ming Dynastys System of Rites and Music and the teachings of Confucius, who wrote that people inherited their hair from their ancestors and ought not to damage (cut) it. Traditionally, adult Han men and women let their hair grow indefinitely and then bound it up in different styles. The Manchus cut short much of the discussion on queue-shaving by instituting a Lose your hair or lose your head policy; refusal to shave ones hair into a queue was treason against the emperor, punishable by death. To maintain their queues, men had to shave the remainder of their heads approximately every ten days. Did women have queues? It is interesting that the Manchus did not issue any equivalent rules about womens hairstyles. They also did not interfere with the Han Chinese custom of foot-binding, although Manchu women never adopted the crippling practice themselves, either. The Queue in America Most Han Chinese men acquiesced to the queue rule, rather than risking decapitation. Even Chinese working overseas, in places like the American west, maintained their queues - after all, they planned to return home once they had made their fortunes in the gold mines or on the railroad, so they needed to keep their hair long. Western peoples stereotypes of Chinese always included this hairstyle, although few Americans or Europeans likely realized that the men wore their hair that way out of necessity, not by  choice. In China, the issue never entirely went away, although most men found it prudent to follow the rule. In the early 20th century anti-Qing rebels (including a young Mao Zedong) cut off their queues in a potent act of defiance. The final death-knell of the queue came in 1922, when the former Last Emperor of the Qing Dynasty, Puyi, cut off his own queue. Pronunciation: kyewAlso Known As: pigtail, braid, plaitAlternate Spellings: cueExamples: Some sources say that the queue symbolized that Han Chinese were a form of livestock for the Manchu, like horses. However, this hairstyle was originally a Manchu fashion, so that explanation seems unlikely.

Sunday, December 22, 2019

Muslim Women Vs. Medi Who Is The Real Terrorist - 2362 Words

Mohammed Miah Professor Dowd ENWR 105/E4-3 9 December 2014 Muslim Women vs. the Media: Who is the Real Terrorist? Are Muslim women across the world victims of the religion that they follow or are they serious victims of the media? For years, people have misconceived how women of the Islamic faith live their lives, and those who are victimized cannot even get the opportunity to speak their minds about their own lives to justify how the media has been portraying them. Society today has varying views on the subject, with some disagreeing with the media, while others are in complete support of the media; they truly believe that Muslim women are indeed victims. However, the media has only desecrated the truth of the lives of Muslim women by†¦show more content†¦When she stated, â€Å"They did not always have an opportunity to speak for themselves,† she was referring to the Muslim women in Islam dominated countries with people seeing them as victims of a patriarchal society where they cannot voice their opinions without having to s uffer from a punishment. Also, because the images within the media showed women wearing burqas, which are also worn by Muslim women in America, people in the West see them as victims who are just crying out for help. It is not the social norm to wear a veil in the West because people believe in liberation when it comes to clothing, even if certain clothes may be terrifyingly revealing. They are unaware of the Islamic beliefs and that in countries, such as Afghanistan, the women accept the veil because it is part of their religion. Muslims follow rules and regulations that were divinely written within the Quran, and the burqa, which is considered to be a hijab (a veil/covering), is outlined within the Quran as follows: And tell the believing women to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap [a portion of] their headcovers over their chests and not expose their adornm ent except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands fathers, their sons, their husbands sons, their